DIY chicken coop
Many townspeople are thinking about building a small house in their garden plots. And if the lack of practical experience in village life does not stop, and the decision is made, then it is necessary to start the construction of the chicken coop.
- Year-round chicken coop, size 2.5 to 2.5 meters, internal height up to 2.2 meters;
- Possible autonomy up to 7 days;
- The number of layers up to 25 pieces;
The contractor must have skills in working with lumber, a measuring tool (the ability to use the level and measure the diagonals is important). In the process, you will need to build a frame structure with a roof of any type, and carry out simple work related to the arrangement of the house.
Even "micro-poultry farming" will require constant improvements to the house, you need to be mentally prepared for this.
- Floors - concrete or loose earthen (it is advisable to put insulation under the floor plate);
- Frame - a beam measuring 50 by 100 or more;
- Roof - the type of roof is not important;
- Indoor ceiling - plywood or wood, solid, insulated - you can sprinkle chips;
- Walls with any insulation, preferably plywood inside;
- Windows - small enough (300 by 500 mm) for minimal illumination inside;
- Door - entrance, with a threshold below to prevent chips from spilling out;
- The door for the bird to go for a walk is at the floor level, which closes separately.
Features of the construction of the house
Operation involves the constant addition and removal of chips, which will be both a heater and a litter collector. Chickens love to rummage in chips, it is convenient to land on their perches (softer). It is necessary to provide a side in front of the front door so that the chips do not spill out. The type of floor is not critical, depending on the construction budget.
It is very important that they are plywood, wooden from the lining. If another type of material is used, for example siding, it is necessary to mark the place where it is attached to the frame, because in the process of continuous improvements to the chicken coop, it will constantly be necessary to additionally fix various equipment to the walls.
The inner lining is wood, so that feeders, dried nettles, cabbage, etc. can be hung at any point.
Ventilation. It is permissible to perform supply and exhaust ventilation for such a volume of premises in sewer pipes with a diameter of 110 mm. Bushes from computer power supplies of suitable diameter with power from 12 volts are excellent as exhaust fans.
Power supply 12 volt. It is used for ventilation, power supply of LED backlights - white and red, humidity and temperature sensors, pumping pumps for collecting drained water. It will require two types of lighting, weak (LED) - for chickens, and brighter for work, which can be 220 volts.
220 Volt sockets for supplying a heating air convector, installation of mechanical and programmable timers. In winter, in mode *, 3-4 degrees Celsius. This is enough so that the water in the drinking bowl does not freeze, and egg production does not decrease.
Brackets for placing cans of water. For 10 chickens, 30 liters of water is enough for a week (half of which chicken will be shed when using drip drinkers). Water flows into the cups by gravity through flexible hoses.
Tanks for collecting spilled water from drinking bowls (use of sewer pipes is permissible). It is important to make a tray under the nipple drinkers so that the water spilled by the chickens does not fall on the sawdust.
Nipple drinkers, hanging and hopper feeders - made independently or purchased ready-made.
Perched - trunk of a young birch without branches, with a diameter of 30-40 mm. If you need a couple of props in the middle. IMPORTANT. It must be installed strictly horizontally to avoid unnecessary commotion.
Nests for layers. This is a box with hay or shavings, closed on all sides, one side has a hole measuring 200 mm in diameter (shape is not important). The place is intimate enough for a chicken, and it is better for her there to be a little hidden from "friends". In order to avoid conflicts in the "queue for sock" for 10 chickens, it is better to make 3-4 such nests. The material is plywood, although the chicken can be carried if necessary both in a nest cut from a canister and in a plastic fruit crate.